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Dot Net Certification Path Details

.net certification or Microsoft certification exams are very confusing. Every aspirant has to search a lot to demystified the best exams etc. Here in next few paragraph i am going to demystify Microsoft Certification .net 2.0
In .net Microsoft offers many categories

.net certificationList

* MCTS
* MCPD
* MCSD
* MCP
* MVP

MCTS - The Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist. its comes under .net 2.0 certification. This is the fresh exam and do not require any previous exams to clear it. So a new developer can start from this exam.

Following are the specialization and exams under those

.NET Framework 2.0 Web Applications

one has to pass the following examinations:

* Exam 70–536: TS: Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 - Application Development Foundation

* Exam 70–528: TS: Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 - Web-Based Client Development

.NET Framework 2.0 Windows Applications

one has to pass the following examinations:

* Exam 70–536: TS: Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 - Application Development Foundation

* Exam 70-526: TS: Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 – Windows-Based Client Development

.NET Framework 2.0 Distributed Applications
one has to pass the following examinations:

* Exam 70–536: TS: Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 - Application Development Foundation

* Exam 70–529: TS: Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 – Distributed Application Development
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MCPD -Microsoft Certified Professional Developer

It also comes under .net 2.0 certification
this is next step to the MCTS, so to clear it you firstly need to have MCTS in your tally
Folloings are .NET 2.0, Visual Studio 2005 and SQL Server 2005.

Professional Developer: Web Developer
* Prerequisite: MCTS: .NET Framework 2.0 Web Applications
* Exam 70-547: PRO: Designing and Developing Web Applications by Using the Microsoft .NET Framework

Professional Developer: Windows Developer
Following examinations:

* Prerequisite: MCTS: .NET Framework 2.0 Windows Applications
* Exam 70–548: PRO: Designing and Developing Windows Applications by Using the Microsoft .NET Framework

Professional Developer: Enterprise Applications Developer
Following examinations:

* Prerequisite: MCTS: .NET Framework 2.0 Web Applications
* Prerequisite: MCTS: .NET Framework 2.0 Windows Applications
* Prerequisite: MCTS: .NET Framework 2.0 Distributed Applications
* Exam 70–549: PRO: Designing and Developing Enterprise Applications by Using the
Microsoft .NET Framework

MCP Microsoft Certified Professional. Person having any ms certification is called MCP

MVP Microsoft Most Valuable Professional. This does not require any exam. It is related with how you contributed in the microsoft communties or any site that promote ms technologies. You could be MVP of any of the these c#,asp.net,web services,word,excel,

Sap Exam details

SAP Exams

49 CFR Part 40.281(c)(2) requires a SAP to "satisfactorily complete an examination administered by a nationally-recognized professional or training organization."
The exam must "comprehensively cover all the elements of qualification training" that are listed in the regulation. Which means that the exam must include questions about the background and rationale of the regulation, drug and alcohol testing, modal rules, recording and recordkeeping, SAP issues, the SAP role, necessary communications, and SAP reporting.
If you want to provide SAP services, you must first completes a Qualification Training. As the next step, you must successfully complete a SAP exam. No one can provide SAP services until he/she has completed both a SAP Qualification Training and a SAP exam.
Here are several questions about exam that are commonly asked by SAPs.
  1. What is the best way to prepare for the exam?
  2. Where will I find a DOT-approved SAP exam?
  3. What is the "preferred" SAP exam?
  4. What SAP exams are available?

#1 What is the best way to prepare for the exam?

First of all, don't assume that a SAP Qualification Training, no matter how thorough it may be, will give you all the answers. The Word version of Part 40 is 80 pages long, and a question on the exam could come from anywhere in those 80 pages. (Or from the Preamble to Part 40, or from the SAP Guidelines, or from any of the modal rules.) No training can claim to cover all that information. The goal of a training should be to help you understand the rule, to be familiar with the written regulations so that you can find answers to your questions when they arise, and to give you as much basic information as possible so that you will be able to provide services that are in compliance with this federal law.
The answers to the questions on any SAP exam should be found somewhere in the documents listed above. Questions that are based on opinions or judgments, and answers that are open to debate, would not constitute a fair test. You should assume that every question has one (and only one) definite answer, and that the answer is clearly stated somewhere in the regulation.
Once you have completed a training, your very best preparation for the exam is to read Part 40, both the Preamble and the regulation itself. No SAP should provide SAP service without having read the at least Part 40 in its entirety. The logical time to do that is before you take an exam. Face it: If you take the exam and pass it, there will be little incentive for you to read the rule. When you actually read the rule, you will discover many things that you didn't know previously, and that may not have even been mentioned in the training that you took.
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#2 Where will I find a DOT-approved SAP exam?

Don't expect to find a DOT-approved SAP exam. DOT doesn't approve or endorse a SAP exam. DOT simply requires an exam to be a valid exam. An interpretation published by DOT in August, 2001, clarified that an exam that is developed by a "professional or training organization" must have been put through a process of validation and psychometrics. Each question and its answer must have a valid basis.
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#3 What is the "preferred" SAP exam?

There is no "preferred" exam. Each SAP can decide which exam he/she will take. Membership in an professional organization does not require that you take that organization's exam. For example, having a membership in EAPA does not require you to take EAPA's SAP exam. A CEAP could decide, for a variety of reasons, to take NAADAC's SAP exam. And a NAADAC member could take the IC&RC SAP exam.
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#4 What SAP exams are available?

Click here for a list of SAP Exams, as found on DOT's website.
Most SAPs take one of the following three SAP exams:
The Association for Addiction Professionals (NAADAC)
NAADAC's SAP exam is a paper exam. 100 questions, multiple choice (a,b,c,d). Passing is 75%. After providing proof of your training, NAADAC will send this exam to you. You then complete it, and send it back for scoring. To obtain the exam, contact Sonya Floyd or Shirley Beckett , (800) 548-0497. Email: sbeckett@naadac.org
Employee Assistance Professionals Association (EAPA)
EAPA's SAP exam is an Internet exam. 50 questions, randomly selected from a bank of 135 questions), multiple choice (a,b,c,d). Passing is 75%. On the home page of EAPA's website , click on EAPA's SAP Exam Registration. You will receive a password. (Allow a few days, maybe even up to a week, for your password to be sent to you.) Using that password, you access the exam over the Internet, and take the exam on your computer screen. There is a 2-hour time limit, after which time the site will close down. At the end of the 2-hour time period, you will receive immediate notice about your test score, accompanied by a print-out certificate. Note: If you have a weak computer connection, or a slow computer, you may want to talk to someone at EAPA directly, to find out what happens if your connection fails during the exam. For further information, contact Debbie Royal, (703) 387-1000 x310. Email: opsadmin@eapassn.org.
IC&RC/AODA, Inc. (IC&RC)
IC&RC's SAP exam is a proctored exam. Pre-registration with the local certification board is required. The applicant must show a photo ID at the time and place of the exam site. 100 questions, multiple choice (a,b,c,d,e). Passing is 67%. There is a 2-hour time limit for the exam. Test scores are reported back to the examinee, usually within 2 weeks. This exam is administered by the local state IC&RC Certification Boards. For a website that lists Boards, go to IC&RC Member Boards. In states where there is no ICRC member board, or the board is not offering the SAP exam, you may test either at a member board in a nearby state, or there are two additional options: 1) On any weekday in the Washington DC, Cleveland or Columbus, OH, or Detroit metro areas, with 24 hours notice, regardless of the number of examinees; 2) At any U.S. location with at least 10 examinees and 3 days notice, ICRC will provide a proctor at no extra cost. For further information, contact Tom Foley, (810) 388-0200, TomFoley@tir.com.

Sap Certifications overview

SAP offers Certification Tests for Application consultants in the areas of:
Accounting and Controlling
Human Resources
Materials Management
Production and Production Scheduling
Sales Order Processing
Application development in the ABAP/4 Development Workbench

The Exam
Multiple choice examination lasting 3 hours allows the candidate to refer to the R/3 on-line documentation.
Each question may contain 3 to 5 propositions to answer. Sometimes more than one proposition may be correct.
Application Consultants 3.x - 80 questions - 3 hours - 600 AUD ( with effect from 1 Oct 1998)
Application Consultant Delta 3.x , 4.x - 30 questions - 1 hour - 350 AUD ( with effect from 1 Oct 1998)
Application Consultant 4.x - 80 questions - FI, CO, MM - 3 hrs each, PP, SD, HR, ABAP - 1 hr each - 600 AUD
Technical Consultants 3.x- 160 questions - 4 hours for all Databases ( 3 hours for Basis/AS/400) - 600 AUD


Requirements for R/3 Consultants in Accounting and Controlling
The examination for becoming an R/3 consultant for the Accounting and Controlling area is intended to provide candidates with the opportunity of proving that they have a fundamental knowledge of this particular area of the R/3 System as well as that they are able to apply this knowledge within a project environment.
The examination consists of 80 multiple choice questions from the areas specified below:
1.General Questions
2. Master Data
3. General Ledger
4. Accounts Receivable
5. Accounts Payable
6. Fixed Assets
7. Cost Element Accounting And Cost Center Accounting
8. Internal Orders
9. Profitability Analysis
10. Integration

Sample Question in Accounting and Controlling
Which of the following statements are correct?
Caution: more than one answer may be correct. Please mark ALL correct answers.

A More than one chart of accounts can be created for each client
B The chart of accounts contains all the G/L accounts, vendor accounts and customer accounts
C More than one company code can be allocated to the same chart of accounts
D The chart of accounts controls all the customising settings in the R/3 system
E All accounts within a chart of accounts must have the same tax code

Requirements for R/3 Consultants in Human Resources
To fulfil the requirements of the examination for R/3 consultants in Human Resources, participants have to demonstrate fundamental knowledge of the R/3 system in the area of Human Resources and be able to apply this knowledge to customer projects.
The examination consists of 80 multiple choice questions from the subject areas specified below:
1. General Questions
2. Basic HR Principles
3. Master Data
4. Time Recording
5. Recruitment
6. Gross Payroll
7. Organizational Management
8. Personnel Development
9. Training And Events Management
10. Reporting

Sample Question in Human Resources
Choose the variable which can be used to determine the screen modifications for master data.
A User Group
B Personnel Administrator
C Organisational Key
D Cost Centre
E Payroll Area

Requirements for R/3 Consultants in Materials Management
To fulfil the requirements of the examination for R/3 consultants in Materials Management, participants have to demonstrate fundamental knowledge of the R/3 system in the area of Materials Management and be able to apply this knowledge to customer projects.
The examination consists of 80 multiple choice questions from the subject areas specified below:
Subject Areas
1. General Questions
2. Master Data
3. Material Planning & Forecasting
4. Purchasing
5. Inventory Management
6. Invoice Verification
7. VALUATION AND ACCOUNT DETERMINATION

Sample Question in Materials Management
You wish to procure a material using a purchase order. You wish to take delivery of the material at different times. A graduated discount scale exists for the material.
How do you proceed if you wish to take advantage of the discount arrangement?

A Enter several order items with the same material number and different delivery dates
B Enter one order item with the material number and assign the material to different accounts
C Enter an order item with the material number and create a number of schedule lines
D Enter a number of purchase orders for the material and specify different delivery dates

Requirements for R/3 Consultants in Production and Production Planning
In the examination for production and production planning, the participant must provide that he/she has grasped the basic functionality of the R/3 system in this area and can apply this knowledge to the project for which he/she is responsible.
The examination consists of 80 multiple choice questions from the areas specified below:
1. General Questions
2. Material Master
3. PP Master Data
4. Sales And Operations Planning
5. Demand Management & MRP
6. Production Orders
7. Capacity Planning
8. Product Costing
9. Repetitive Manufacturing
10. Logistics Information System
11. Integration

Sample Question in Production and Production Planning
The following control parameters can be set in a long-term planning scenario:

A Planning period
B Opening stock
C Strategy group
D MRP type
E Version of available capacity

Requirements for R/3 Consultants in Sales Order Processing
In this test, R/3 consultants in sales order processing are expected to demonstrate a basic knowledge of the R/3 system in the sales order processing area and be able to use this knowledge practically in supporting projects.
The examination consists of 80 multiple choice questions from the areas specified below:
1. General Questions
2. Organizational Structures
3. Master Data In SD Processing
4. Sales
5. Pricing
6. Shipping
7. Billing
8. Credit Management
9. Sales Information System
10. Integration With related Applications
11. Special Business Transactions

Sample Question in Sales Order Processing
Which statements concerning goods issue are true?

A Goods issue reduces requirements in materials planning
B Goods issue posts value changes to the stock account in inventory accounting
C Goods issue posts value changes to the stock account in asset accounting
D Goods issue posts value changes to the tax account
E Goods issue reduces warehouse stocks

For Basis Consultants:
There are three parts.
Part 1 for Basis covers 80 questions to be answered in 2 hours.
Part 2 for OS ( like Unix etc) covers 40 questions to be answered in 1 hour.
Part 3 for database ( like Oracle etc covers 40 questions to be answered in 1 hour.
To succeed you need to pass all the three tests on the same day with over 70% marks.
More details including sub-details of all topics for all the above tests can be had from




Costs :
Australia: 600 AUD effective from 1 Oct 1998
Netherlands: 750 Guilders
Singapore : 600 Singapore $ ( US$ 400)



Registration form :
Available at


TeamSAP Partner Academy
This is established to train Partner's consultants. The target audience is a professional whose focus is R/3 system implementation consulting. The training includes hands on classroom training and intensive case study.
Details at

SAP training by SAP is available currently only for SAP customers and Business partners. (contact : 1-800-872-1727)
SAP R/3 Training by SAP
Training includes three levels of training courses.
1. Awareness
Overview of the features and functions of R/3 , services and support, implementation frame work and SAP specific terminology
2. Readiness
Skills needed to apply SAP r/3 to your company's business process
3. Proficiency
Specific expertise to support your unique requirements.
Contact numbers:
TeamSAP 1-888-777-1727 / 610-725-4317 / 781-672-6585 Fax: 610-725-4316

Information Database (InfoDB)
This is an R/3 powered , multimedia information repository and distribution system that can be used directly or can be customized for on-line use. This means flexible on-line training at your site at reduced costs giving you higher returns on training.

Feedback from the experienced users:
# A six week course in HR is US $ 12,000 - inclusive of accommodation (twin sharing) if sponsored by the employer (For individuals US $14,000)
# Anyone with 2 years experience on SAP can go for certification examination. If you are an employee of SAP's National implementation Partner, you may have to produce a letter to that effect. Else, You have to produce a proof that you have 2 years' experience in SAP.

Books Available:
SAP R/3 Certification Exam Guide by Stewart Miller
Includes hundreds sample questions from each module . Priced at US $ 99.99
McGraw Hill Publishing - 0071341617

Cisco Certification Overview

Staying competitive in the ever-changing information technology market is a challenge. With employers trying to get more skills for their hiring dollar, competition in the market has become fierce. Today many employers are looking for IT professionals who are well versed in the many nuances of the field with desktop, server, and networking skills to provide comprehensive support skills. A major factor for remaining competitive in the IT field is the completion of industry certifications. Many certifications are available; however, one vendor is viewed by many as the leader in the certification market. That vendor is Cisco Systems.
There have been many debates in the IT market concerning the validity and the worthiness of industry certifications—the bottom line is that employers still value a certification from a reputable organization as a benchmark for both the interview process and for advancement into higher level positions. Of course the importance of the certification is not the piece of paper, the number, or even the title; the value is in the knowledge that one gains by preparing for and acquiring the certification. Much of what one learns in pursuing a Cisco certification is fundamental networking knowledge that can be applied to any networking environment, regardless of the vendor.

What many industry certifications lack in testing is the capability to have candidates demonstrate their knowledge. Cisco has implemented changes in their most recent certification exams that require candidates to demonstrate their knowledge by using a simulator to configure and validate the operation of many fundamental networking functions. This is where the operating system portion of learning becomes a factor. Understanding fundamentals means a person knows exactly what must be done to make networks communicate, but performing those functions requires a knowledge of the devices and operating systems involved.
There is perhaps no better way in the entire IT industry to boost your career than getting Cisco certified; and the best way to become Cisco certified is by using the TestKing study guides, labs, audio guides, and practice exams.  TestKing has been the industry leader in helping professionals become Cisco Certified for years.  Whether you want to pursue an associate level certification like the CCNA or the ultimate certification in the entire industry, the CCIE, TestKing can help.

Cisco Certifications:-
 

Access Routing and LAN Switching : Access Routing and LAN Switching
Cable Communications : Cisc Cable Communications
CCDA : Cisco Certified Design Associate
CCDE : Cisco Certified Design Expert
CCDP : Cisco Certified Design Professional
CCENT : Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician
CCIE : Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert
CCIP : Cisco Certified Internetwork Professional
CCNA : Cisco Certified Network Associate
CCNA Security : Cisco Certified Network Associate Security
CCNA Voice : Cisco Certified Network Associate Voice
CCNA Wireless : Cisco Certified Network Associate Wireless
CCNP : Cisco Certified Network Professional
CCNP Old : Cisco Certified Network Professional Old
CCNP Wireless : CCNP Wireless
CCSP : Cisco Certified Security Professional
CCVP : Cisco Certified Voice Professional
Content Networking : Cisco Content Networking Specialist
CRMAM : CRM Express for Account Managers
CRS : Carrier Routing System
IP Communications : Cisco IP Communications
Network Management : Cisco Network Management
Optical : Optical Quality of Service (QoS)
Sales : Sales Expert
Storage Networking : Cisco Storage Networking Specialist
VPN and Security : VPN/Security Management Solution 2.3
Wireless LAN : Cisco Wireless LAN Support Specialist

Red Hat Certification Overview

Red Hat certifications are indisputably regarded as the best in Linux, and perhaps, according to some, in all of IT. Taught entirely by experienced Red Hat experts, our certification programs measure competency on actual live systems and are in great demand by employers and IT professionals alike.
Choosing the right certification depends on your background and goals. Whether you have advanced, minimal, or no UNIX or Linux experience whatsoever, Red Hat Training has a training and certification path that is right for you.
Certification Paths:
Red Hat Certified Technician (RHCT)
RHCT is the best first step in establishing Linux credentials and is an ideal initial certification for those transitioning from non-UNIX/ Linux environments.
Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)
Red Hat Certified Engineer began in 1999 and has been earned by more than 20,000 Linux experts. Called the crown jewel of Linux certifications, independent surveys have ranked the RHCE program #1 in all of IT
Certificates of Expertise
Certificates of Expertise are upper-level credentials available to RHCEs who pass upper-level performance-based exams. The Certificates are incremental credentials attached to one's RHCE that attest to skills and knowledge in specialized areas.
Red Hat Certified Datacenter Specialist (RHCDS)
An RHCDS has the skills and knowledge necessary to build reliable, available, scalable, and manageable solutions in mission-critical datacenter environments using fully-supported open source technologies from Red Hat.
Red Hat Certified Security Specialist (RHCSS)
Red Hat Certified Security Specialist (RHCSS) is a new security certification that proves advanced skills in using Red Hat Enterprise Linux, SELinux, and Red Hat Directory Server to meet the security requirements of today's enterprise environment.
Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA)
Red Hat's Enterprise Architect courses provide in-depth, hands-on training for senior Linux system administrators responsible for the deployment and management of many systems in large enterprise environments.
Regardless of which Red Hat certification track you choose, TestKing can help you achieve your career goals.

Oracle Certification Program

Oracle certifications are tangible, industry-recognized credentials that can help you succeed in your IT career and provide measurable benefits to your employer.
Oracle certifications are a reliable validation of training and experience that can accelerate your professional development, improve your productivity, and enhance your credibility.
For IT professionals and managers, each Oracle certification level signifies a benchmark of experience and expertise recognized for its value and relevance in the IT industry. Today there are over 390,000 Oracle Certified Professionals worldwide.
With Oracle, there are four main certification tracks:  Database, Middleware, Applications, and Linux.  There are numerous exams for each.
Most of those who have earned one or more Oracle certifications have done so through self-study, mainly because of the cuts in IT training budgets in recent years.  With that in mind, TestKing has developed affordable study materials that will help you pass your certification exams quickly and easily, the first time.

Oracle Certifications:-
 

10g DBA : 10g Database Administrator
10g OCA : 10g Oracle Certified Associate
11g : Oracle 11g Certification
11i : Oracle 11i Certification
8i DBA : 8i Database Administrator
9i DBA : 9i Database Administrator
9i Internet Application Developer : Oracle 9i Internet Application Developer
Linux : Linux Certification
OCA : Oracle Certified Associate
OCP8 to OCP8i DBA Upgrade Exam : OCP8 to OCP8i Database Administrator Upgrade
Oracle : Oracle
PADCE : PeopleTools Advanced Developer Certified Expert

Microsoft Certifications Overview

Microsoft Certification Program Overview:
Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE)
Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (or MCSE) is the best-known and premiere Microsoft certification. It qualifies an individual as being able to analyze the business requirements for information systems solutions, and design and implement the infrastructure required. As of 2007, the MCSE is available for two different product lines; Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003, each of which requires a different set of exams.
For the MCSE 2003, candidates must pass six core design exams (Four networking exams, one client operating system and one design exam) and one elective exam, for a total of seven exams. For the MCSE 2000, a candidate needs to pass five Core Exams (Four operating system exams, one design exam) and two electives. For the MCSE NT 4.0 (which is no longer available to earn, though it is still recognized as a valid certification), a candidate needed to pass four Core Exams (Networking Essentials, Windows NT Workstation, Windows NT Server and Windows NT Server in the Enterprise) and two electives.
The topic of these exams include network security, computer networking infrastructure, Active Directory, Microsoft Exchange Server, Microsoft SQL Server, and other topics of both general networking interest as well as specific Microsoft products.
Windows Server 2008 Certifications
Microsoft is adopting new certifications for 2008. Two new top level certifications are MCITP Server Administrator and MCITP Enterprise Administrator.
Microsoft Certified Application Developer (MCAD)
The Microsoft Certified Application Developer (MCAD) certification is the mid level programming certification offered by Microsoft, leading to the MCSD. To fulfill the requirements of the certification, a total of three exams (two core exams, one elective exam) must be passed. Microsoft has declared that this certification will be focused towards the needs of developers using .NET Framework 1.0 and 1.1 versions. Developers using .NET Framework 2.0 and Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 are expected to consider undergoing Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) and Microsoft Certified Professional Developer (MCPD) certification.
Microsoft Certified Solution Developer (MCSD)
The Microsoft Certified Solution Developer (MCSD) certification is the highest level programming certification offered by Microsoft. To fulfill the requirements of the certification, a total of five exams (four core exams, one elective exam) must be passed. Some of the core exams are also requirements for the MCAD (Microsoft Certified Application Developer). Microsoft has declared that this certification will be focused towards the needs of developers using .NET Framework 1.0 and 1.1 versions. Developers using .NET Framework 2.0 and Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 are expected to consider undergoing Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) and Microsoft Certified Professional Developer (MCPD) certification.
Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator (MCSA)
The Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator (MCSA) certification certifies a user's knowledge in system administration of Microsoft Windows operating systems and is generally simpler than, but not a subset of, the MCSE. The Windows Server 2003 MCSA is achieved upon passing 2 networking system exams, a client operating system exam, and an elective exam. The Windows Server 2000 MCSA title is granted after taking 3 core exams and one elective. Although the MCSA is not a subset of the MCSE, it is possible to gain an MCSA on the way to an MCSE without doing any exams that are extraneous to the MCSE.
Whereas the MCSE is supposed to certify a person's ability to "plan, design, and implement Microsoft Windows server solutions and architectures in medium- to large-sized companies", the MCSA certifies a holder's ability to "implement, manage, and maintain the typically complex computing environment of medium- to large-sized companies".
Like the MCSE, the MCSA is available as "MCSA on Windows 2000" and "MCSA on Windows 2003" as of 2005. There exist two specializations for both tracks: Messaging and Security.
As an alternative to the electives on the MCSA electives table, certifications or certification combinations may substitute for an MCSA elective. For example, CompTIA A+ and Network+ together or CompTIA A+ and Server+ together can be credited and substituted for an elective through a Microsoft and CompTIA partnership agreement. One may also substitute Security+ alone which counts for the elective and one of two exams for the "Security Specialization." Security+ counts for MCSA 2003 and MCSE 2003. This is just one cost effective way to earning an MCSA if candidates are already certified in other areas.
Microsoft Certified Database Administrator (MCDBA)
The Microsoft Certified Database Administrator (MCDBA) credential is for database administrators, who implement and administer Microsoft SQL Server databases. The certification is appropriate for individuals who derive physical database designs, develop logical data models, create physical databases, create data services by using Transact-SQL, manage and maintain databases, configure and manage security, monitor and optimize databases, and install and configure SQL Server. This certification requires passing three core exams, and one elective exam. According to Microsoft, people who operate SQL Server 2005 should apply for other certifications such as the MCITP (Microsoft Certified IT Professional) or MCTS (Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist), rather than the MCDBA. Complete course lasts 250 hours.
Microsoft Certified Desktop Support Technician (MCDST)
The Microsoft Certified Desktop Support Technician (MCDST) is a lower-level credential that demonstrates a technician can competently support end users and troubleshoot desktop environments running on Microsoft Windows. MCDST candidates are required to pass two core exams. Elective exams are not required. Complete course lasts 50 hours.
Microsoft Office Specialist (MOS)
The Microsoft Office Specialist (MOS), previously named Microsoft Office User Specialist (MOUS) is a certification for using the Microsoft Office suite of business applications. While listed under the MCP Certification Programs, it is not officially an MCP Certification. The MOS exams are managed by a third party company, Certiport.
Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT)
The Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT) certification is for individuals who intend to train users wanting to obtain any of the other certifications. They must have some type of certification out of the Microsoft Course. For example, in Australia, many MCT's have a diploma or degree in teaching either primary school or secondary education. It is also a requirement by many training companies, especially Microsoft Gold Partners to have MCT's with a degree in teaching.
Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP)
Anyone passing just one operating exam, can be certified as Microsoft Certified Professional, although some individual exams are excluded along with any of the Microsoft Dynamics series of certifications.

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